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APA Style 7th Edition

Electronic Source

Electronic Sources

Article with DOI:

Author Surname / Last Name, First Initial. Middle Initial. (Date of publication). Title of article. Title of Journal, volume

     number, page range. 0


Article without DOI:

Author, A. A., & Author, B. B. (Date of publication). Title of article. Title of Online Periodical, volume number(issue

     number if available).http://www.somead


Magazine Article (Online)

Author, A. A. (Date of publication). Title of article. Title of Magazine. m/fullurl


Newspaper Article (Online)

Author, A. A. (Date of publication). Title of article. Title of Newspaper, page number(s),



Source Type Reference List

In-Text Citations

(Parenthetical &Narrative)

Journal article with a DOI

Varalakshmi, R., & Arunachalam, K. (2020). Covid 2019 - role

     of faculty members to keep mental activeness of

      students. Asian Journal of Psychiatry, 51, 102091-




Wooldridge, M. B., & Shapka, J. (2012). Playing

     with technology: Mother-toddler interaction scores

     lower during play with electronic toys. Journal of

      Applied Developmental Psychology, 33(5), 211218.http:/




Note : APA 7th ed. does not include database information; instead,

the home page URL of the journal is used.

(Varalakshmi &  Arunachalam, 2019)

Varalakshmi and  Arunachalam (2019)




(Wooldridge & Shapka, 2012)

Wooldridge and Shapka (2012)

Journal article without a DOI from a website (nondatabase URL)

Ahmad Alif Kamal, Norhunaini Mohd Shaipullah, Liyana

     Truna, Muna Sabri, & Syahrul N Junaini. (2020).

     Transitioning to online learning during Covid-19

      pandemic: Case study of a Pre-University centre in

     Malaysia. International Journal of Advanced Computer

     Science and Applications, 11.


(Ahmad Alif Kamal et al., 2020)

Ahmad Alif Kamal et al., (2020)

Journal article with a DOI, combination of individual and group authors

De Vries, R., Nieuwenhuijze, M., Buitendijk, S. E., & Members

     of Midwifery Science Work Group. (2013). What does it

     take to have a strong and independent profession of

     midwifery? Lessons from the Netherlands. Midwifery,

     29(10), 1122-1128.


(De Vries et al., 2013)

De Vries et al., (2013)

Magazine Article

Georgiou, A(2020, September 9). Supercharged hurricane

     season may be so intense we need a whole new alphabet to

     name all the storms. Newsweek. https://www.newsweek


(Georgiou, 2020)

Georgiou (2020)

Newspaper article

Watson, S., Hubler, S., Ivory, D., & Gebeloff, R(2020, September 

     6). new front in America’s pandemic: College towns. The 

     New York Times



(Watson et al., 2020)

Watson et al. (2020)