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APA Style 7th Edition

Page Numbers

Page Numbers Type Details In-Text Citations
Page Numbers If you are using information from a single page, use the abbreviation p. (Smith, 2009, p. 12)
No Page Numbers

If there are no page numbers on your resource, use section headers, paragraph numbers, or other descriptions to direct your reader to the information you are citing. Example: para. 1, Slide 8, Conclusion section.

One of the author's main points is that "people don't rise from nothing" (Gladwell, 2008, Chapter 1, Section 2, para. 5)

(Shadid, 2020, paras. 2-3)

(Shimamura, 2017, Chapter 3)


If you are citing a direct quotation from a video, you can use the time stamp in place of a page number within the in-text citation:

Pariser (2011) states that "your filter bubble is your own personal, unique universe of information that you live in online. And what's in your filter bubble depends on who you are, and it depends on what you do" (4:12).