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APA Style 7th Edition

Parenthetical Citations

A parenthetical citation encompasses the components of the in-text citation in parentheses at the end of the sentence, prior

to the closing period. This should mostly be used for paraphrasing, and typically not for direct quotes alone. Recall that a

page number is not necessary for paraphrasing, but is encouraged.

Template In-Text Citations
(Author, Date, p. X)

Most college students are limited in their research experience to using Google and struggle to learn how to effectively navigate and use the wide variety of resources available to them (Head, 2013).

Researchers have cautioned that flipped instruction needs to be carefully designed, both in overall pedagogical design (Banks & Henderson, 2019) and in the design of instructional videos (Obradovich et al., 2015).

Moreover, Standard II.5.2 explains that school psychologists "do not promote or condone the use of restricted psychological and educational tests…by individuals who are not qualified to use them" (NASP, 2010, p. 9).