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Medicine: Basic descriptive statistics

This guide is intended to assist students and researchers to find resources in Medicine

Basic Descriptive Statistics

Once data has been collected, the first step of analysis is to summarise the data using basic descriptive analysis. The resources in this section will guide you on understanding measures of central tendency, spread and skewness.

E-books in UM Library

Books Available in UM Library

Online Resources

1. Manikandan S. (2011). Measures of central tendency: Median and mode. Journal of pharmacology & pharmacotherapeutics, 2(3), 214–215.


2. Roberts S, McInnes E, Bucknall T, Wallis M, Banks M, Chaboyer W. Process evaluation of a cluster-randomised trial testing a pressure ulcer prevention care bundle: a mixed-methods study. Implement Sci. 2017 Feb 13;12(1):18. doi: 10.1186/s13012-017-0547-2. PMID: 28193242; PMCID: PMC5307838.


3. Mercedes A, Fairman P, Hogan L, Thomas R, Slyer JT. Effectiveness of structured multidisciplinary rounding in acute care units on length of stay and satisfaction of patients and staff: a quantitative systematic review. JBI Database System Rev Implement Rep. 2016 Jul;14(7):131-68. doi: 10.11124/JBISRIR-2016-003014. PMID: 27532795.


4. Kapetas P, Clauser P, Woitek R, Wengert GJ, Lazar M, Pinker K, Helbich TH, Baltzer PAT. Quantitative Multiparametric Breast Ultrasound: Application of Contrast-Enhanced Ultrasound and Elastography Leads to an Improved Differentiation of Benign and Malignant Lesions. Invest Radiol. 2019 May;54(5):257-264. doi: 10.1097/RLI.0000000000000543. PMID: 30632985; PMCID: PMC8284878.


5. Mishra P, Pandey CM, Singh U, Gupta A, Sahu C, Keshri A. Descriptive statistics and normality tests for statistical data. Ann Card Anaesth. 2019 Jan-Mar;22(1):67-72. doi: 10.4103/aca.ACA_157_18. PMID: 30648682; PMCID: PMC6350423.


6. Polit DF, Beck CT. Generalization in quantitative and qualitative research: myths and strategies. Int J Nurs Stud. 2010 Nov;47(11):1451-8. doi: 10.1016/j.ijnurstu.2010.06.004. Epub 2010 Jul 3. PMID: 20598692.


7. Pelto PJ. What is so new about mixed methods? Qual Health Res. 2015 Jun;25(6):734-45. doi: 10.1177/1049732315573209. Epub 2015 Feb 26. PMID: 25721718.