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Engineering: World's Largest Engineering Projects

This subject guide covers resources available at the UM Libraries for locating information in Engineering. We are here to make sure that you are getting the help you need with library resources, databases, searches, training and instruction.

Pictures & Description

Name of Project: Al Maktoum International Airport – Dubai, UAE
URL: https://onlinemasters.ohio.edu/blog/5-of-the-worlds-largest-engineering-projects/

Description: An expansion of the Al Maktoum International Airport was approved in 2014 to make the airport the largest in the world, both in size and passenger capacity, by the year 2050. In two phases over six to eight years, Al Maktoum airport is projected to accommodate 220 million passengers per year. That will be more than twice as much as the current busiest airport in Atlanta, Georgia, which accommodated more than 101 million passengers in 2016. The Al Maktoum plan features new terminal facilities; satellite terminals; expansion of existing buildings, roads, runways, and tunnels; 12 new boarding lounges; and enhanced immigration transfer and security zones.

Name of project: London Crossrail Project – England
URL: https://onlinemasters.ohio.edu/blog/5-of-the-worlds-largest-engineering-projects/

Description: Beginning in May 2009 and currently, the biggest construction project in Europe, the London Crossrail Project will add 26 miles of new rail tunnels and 40 Crossrail stations to ease congestion across England’s capital. The project includes 10 new stations in southeast and central London. Crossrail is already three-quarters completed, with the remaining tracks set to be laid by the year 2020. Over the next few years, the focus will be on completing aspects of the tunnel infrastructure: over 9,300 miles of cable for communication, lighting, and power; 2.5 miles of platform edge screens; and vent fans to aid with air circulation and temperature control.
 

Name of project: Aparthotel Žnjan - Žnja, Croatia
URL: https://www.geotech.hr/en/open-pit-protection-and-foundation-design-aparthotel-znjan-2/

Description: The construction of a new catering and tourism facility, the Aparthotel Žnjan, is planned in the southeastern part of the city of Split, in the seaside district of Žnjan. The new Aparthotel will cover 2,094 square meters and have 2 underground floors and 6 aboveground floors. For the construction of the Aparthotel Žnjan, it is necessary to cut into the existing terrain using open-pit protection up to 25.0 m deep and to transfer the load to deeper and more favourable foundation soil layers in order to avoid differential settlements of the building.

For this project, the deep foundation of the building is planned with the construction of reinforced concrete drilled piles (D = 620.0 mm in diameter), which need to be built at a depth of at least 1.60 m within the rock mass. During the excavation and the open pit protection, regular geotechnical supervision is necessary, as well as engineering geological mapping of the open pit and open-pit movement monitoring.

Name of Project: Jubail II - Saudi Arabia
URL: https://www.thebalancesmb.com/top-ten-largest-construction-projects-844370

Description: Jubail II is a 22-year-long industrial city project that began its second phase in 2014 with an $11 billion expansion budget. When completed, it will comprise at least 100 industrial plants, an 800,000-cubic-meter desalination plant, miles of railways, roads and highways, and an oil refinery producing at least 350,000 barrels per day. The entire project is slated to be finished in 2024.

Name of Project: International Space Station - Space
URL: https://www.thebalancesmb.com/top-ten-largest-construction-projects-844370

Description: The International Space Station (ISS) circles the earth every 92 minutes. Created by a consortium of 15 nations and five space agencies, it has a currently scheduled construction cost that exceeds $60 billion. The eventual cost of the space station and its contemplated expansions could exceed $1 trillion, by which point it could become a habitat for up to 1 million off-planet occupants.
Name of Project: South-North Water Transfer Project - China
URL: https://www.thebalancesmb.com/top-ten-largest-construction-projects-844370

Description: The north of China is home to almost 50 per cent of China's population but has only about 20 per cent of the country's water resources. To remedy this imbalance, China has funded the construction of three huge canals, each more than 600 miles long and will carry water to the north from China's three largest rivers. The project has a 48-year construction schedule. When completed, it will supply 44.8 billion cubic meters of water each year.
Name of Project: High-Speed Railway - California
URL: https://www.thebalancesmb.com/top-ten-largest-construction-projects-844370

Description: Work on California's high-speed train began in 2015 and is scheduled for completion in 2029. It will connect eight of the 10 largest cities in the state and reach from San Diego in the south to San Francisco in the north. The project will be completed in two phases: Phase 1 will connect Los Angeles to San Francisco; Phase 2 will extend connections to San Diego and Sacramento. The train will be 100-per cent electric and will be powered entirely by renewable energy and capable of speeds up to 200 miles per hour.
Name of Project: Chuo Shinkansen - Japan
URL: https://www.thebalancesmb.com/top-ten-largest-construction-projects-844370

Description: Officially called the Linear Chuo Shinkansen, Japan's newest high-speed rail line will take travellers from Tokyo to Nagoya—286 kilometres—in 40 minutes, at speeds up to 505 kilometres per hour. This leg of the high-speed journey is scheduled for completion by 2027. A later phase will extend the line to Osaka. About 86 per cent of the Tokyo-Nagoya line will be underground, requiring extensive tunnel construction. This magnetic levitation (also known as "maglev") train is the fastest train in the world.
Name of Project: Beijing Airport - China
URL: https://www.thebalancesmb.com/top-ten-largest-construction-projects-844370

Description: Beijing International Airport will eventually surpass Dubai's Al Maktoum International Airport in cost, total square miles, and passenger and plane capacity. The airport's first phase was completed in time for the 2008 Olympiad. Further expansion is scheduled for completion by 2025. Terminal 1, designed by the architect Zaha Hadid, incorporates a number of sustainable design concepts in a futuristic building envelope.
Name of Project: Great Man-Made River Project - Libya
URL: https://www.thebalancesmb.com/top-ten-largest-construction-projects-844370

Description: Libya has been working on the "Great Man-Made River" (GMR) project since 1985. It is the largest irrigation project in the world. When completed, it will irrigate more than 350,000 acres of arable land and will substantially increase available drinking water in most of Libya's urban centres. The water source for the project is the underground Nubian Sandstone Aquifer System. The project is scheduled for completion in 2030.
Name of Project: Jeddah Tower (Kingdom tower), Jeddah - Saudi Arabia
URL: https://www.beautifullife.info/urban-design/top-10-amazing-architectural-projects-world/

Description: To be built to 1007 metres, the Jeddah Tower is set to be the first building on the plant to breach the kilometre mark! It will have more than 200 floors with the world’s highest observation deck on the 157th floor (26 floors have already been built up). It will house office space, luxury condos, a Four Seasons hotel and an observatory and is slated for completion in 2019. It has 12 escalators and 59 elevators with 5 of the elevators being double-decker.

The architectural style is used for the building is extremely unique featuring an aerodynamic 3-sided design to tackle wind speeds and gravity. The tapering shape of the building also helps to maximize rentable and usable area. The core of the building is narrow at the top and large at the bottom of the building. The exterior walls are made of low-conductivity glass to reduce cooling loads. When complete, this project would be all set to take over from the Burj Khalifa as the defining tower in the Gulf.

Name of Project: Dubai Pearl - Dubai
URL: https://www.beautifullife.info/urban-design/top-10-amazing-architectural-projects-world/

Description: With 73 stories in 4 towers rising to 300 m, it’s a unique, mixed-use development with premium offices, residences, dining, retail, leisure and entertainment. Overlooking the Palm Jumeirah Island in the Dubai Technology and Media Zone, the Dubai Pearl is designed to provide residences for 29,000 people. There is a sky bridge at the top connecting the 4 towers. The Dubai pearl sets new benchmarks in the Gulf for LEED-certified skyscrapers with 56% green space. It has features perfectly proportioned spaces with 51% space for branded residences, 12% for commercial space, 19% for retail and leisure and 18% for hospitality.

Name of Project: Agora Garden Tower - Taipei
URL: https://www.beautifullife.info/urban-design/top-10-amazing-architectural-projects-world/

Description: The Agora Garden Tower is a 20-story luxury building that is eco-friendly in every sense imaginable with gardens on each floor. But wait, we haven’t even got to the piece de resistance – the brilliant design by Vincente Callebaut Architecte. Inspired by the double-helix shape of DNA, we are sure you would have seen nothing like it anywhere else. A shape that is twisting from bottom to top, the awe-inspiring design of this building makes jaws regularly drop in amazement, the building seemingly appearing to rotate 90 degrees along with its profile as you move from bottom to top.
 
Name of Project: Istanbul New Airport - Istanbul, Turkey
URL: https://www.beautifullife.info/urban-design/top-10-amazing-architectural-projects-world/

Description: Istanbul is one of the biggest aviation hubs in a geographic region spreading across Europe, North Africa and the Middle East. The new Istanbul airport is projected to handle 150 million passengers every year and is set to have a number of firsts. Located 22 miles from Istanbul on the Black sea coast, the airport will have 6 runways and is expected to serve 90 million passengers in a year when completed in 2028. Terminal 1 is currently under construction and the use of a slatted, blue-reflecting roof and a vaulted ceiling combine to create a very exciting space inside Terminal 1. When complete, there is no doubt whatsoever it will be the number one airport in the world in every sense of the word.
Name of Project: Dubai One Tower - Dubai
URL: https://www.beautifullife.info/urban-design/top-10-amazing-architectural-projects-world/

Description: Next in the line of super-tall buildings being built in the Gulf, the Dubai One Tower will be the tallest residential tower in the world at 711 metres, when completed. To house 78000 residents, the tower will have 885 apartments, an indoor ski slope (you saw that right) and a marina. It will also have a hotel and a shopping centre inside. The indoor ski resort will be the largest in the world with an unbelievable 1.2 km slope, believe it or not. The other funky part of the design is that the roof over the restaurants and cafes will be retractable for the cooler winter months. Dubai One will be the next trendsetter for residential high-rise buildings in the Gulf.

Name of Project: Forest City, Johor - Malaysia
URL: https://www.beautifullife.info/urban-design/top-10-amazing-architectural-projects-world/

Description: Forest City is one of the biggest land reclamation projects in the world, seeking to build 4 new islands from 1400 hectares of reclaimed land in a bay between Malaysia and Singapore. The project is being executed by Country Garden Pacific View and is projected to house up to 700,000 residents after about 20 years of construction. Forest City is a work-live-play integrated zone designed to support about 220,000 jobs in finance, technology and biotechnology. The architectural plan for Forest City calls for the building of a green city with rainwater and storm-water harvesting, solar power, vertical growth and dense foliage. In addition to large park areas, mangrove swamps and a green corridor, an innovative design for a rooftop network of parks and gardens is also planned for (all of which would be interconnected).

Name of Project: Eko Atlantic City - Lagos, Nigeria
URL: https://www.beautifullife.info/urban-design/top-10-amazing-architectural-projects-world/

Description: Eko Atlantic City is a pioneering development with the use of reclaimed land following in the steps of the likes of the Jumeirah. It seeks to build a new city off the coast of Lagos on 10 million square metres of reclamation. It will be a high-end live-work-play space with marinas and 250,000 units of prime housing when complete. The business district will be a landmark in itself and aspired to be the financial headquarters for Nigeria.

The Eko Atlantic City is pioneering in the area of development in flood-prone regions in a time of global warming and rising sea levels. Believe it or now, there is an 8.5 km long wall being built around the development specifically to protect it from erosion and flooding. It is designed to be green in terms of water treatment and for low carbon footprints by the use of locally sourced material and environment-friendly design. The Eko Atlantic city shows the way to the future in terms of the kind of development and design that would need to happen in coastal areas facing the threat of rising sea levels.
Name of Project: Millennium Village - Tangerang, Indonesia
URL: https://www.beautifullife.info/urban-design/top-10-amazing-architectural-projects-world/

Description: Millenium Village is a global smart city being promoted in Tangerang off the Jakarta-Merak Toll road. The singular selling point of this development is that office space is located across not one but three high-rises – the 75-story Gateway Tower, the 75-story Super Tower and the 100-story Iconic tower. The Iconic tower is truly an iconic building that will be the tallest building in Indonesia when complete. With colleges, hotels, an art district, a convention centre, fine dining, a club, an art museum, a 470,000 square metre mall and a healthy city, the Millenium Village is truly a Millenium city, not just in name. With 125 hectares of green space set apart within 600 hectares of floor area, green living aspects are well taken care of. 
Name of Project: Khazar Islands project - Azerbaijan
URL: https://www.beautifullife.info/urban-design/top-10-amazing-architectural-projects-world/

Description: The Khazar Islands project is a mega venture being developed on 41 artificial islands 25 km from Baku, Azerbaijan in the Caspian Sea (the furthest island is located 7 km from shore). Development is planned to occur over 2000 hectares with high-rises in several islands and a truly audacious plan to have bridges to connect built-up areas. Once complete, the Khazar Islands are set to be the emblem of Azerbaijan’s development with the centrepiece of the project being the world’s tallest tower (at that time) – The Azerbaijan Tower. When completed, the islands are expected to feature eight hotels, a yacht club and amazing enough, even a Formula 1 racetrack and an airport! This development will be a trendsetter in the area of development on reclaimed land.
Name of Project: A Red Walking Trail - China
URL: https://blog.dormakaba.com/2020-in-review-7-top-architecture-projects/

Description: In the Chinese city of Chengdu, the architecture firm Powerhouse Company connected the two buildings of the same company in an unorthodox manner: A futuristic walking trail resembling an undulating red ribbon. Named “Loop of Wisdom”, the walkway comprises bright red asphalt and is clad with aluminium tiles — also red. Almost 700 meters long, the trail rises to form the roofs of the two structures like a roller coaster.
Name of Project: Dubailand - Dubai
URL: https://www.thebalancesmb.com/top-ten-largest-construction-projects-844370

Description: A total of three Walt Disney Worlds can fit inside the Dubailand complex. At 278 sq.km in size, the $64 billion Dubailand will have six parts: theme parks, sports venues, eco-tourism, health facilities, science attractions, and hotels. It will also have the world's largest hotel, with 6,500 rooms, and a 10-million-sq.ft mall. The project is scheduled for completion in 2025.